冶金英语词汇大全

采矿mining
地下采矿underground mining
露天采矿open cut mining, open pit mining, surface mining
采矿工程mining engineering
选矿(学)mineral dressing, ore beneficiation, mineral processing
矿物工程mineral engineering
冶金(学)metallurgy
过程冶金(学)process metallurgy
提取冶金(学)extractive metallurgy
化学冶金(学)chemical metallurgy
物理冶金(学)physical metallurgy
金属学Metallkunde
冶金过程物理化学physical chemistry of process metallurgy
冶金反应工程学metallurgical reaction engineering
冶金工程metallurgical engineering
钢铁冶金(学)ferrous metallurgy, metallurgy of iron and steel
有色冶金(学)nonferrous metallurgy
真空冶金(学)vacuum metallurgy
等离子冶金(学)plasma metallurgy
微生物冶金(学)microbial metallurgy
喷射冶金(学)injection metallurgy
钢包冶金(学)ladle metallurgy
二次冶金(学)secondary metallurgy
机械冶金(学)mechanical metallurgy
焊接冶金(学)welding metallurgy
粉末冶金(学)powder metallurgy
铸造学foundry
火法冶金(学)pyrometallurgy
湿法冶金(学)hydrometallurgy
电冶金(学)electrometallurgy
氯冶金(学)chlorine metallurgy
矿物资源综合利用engineering of comprehensive utilization of mineral
resources
中国金属学会The Chinese Society for Metals
中国有色金属学会The Nonferrous Metals Society of China
2 采矿
采矿工艺mining technology
有用矿物valuable mineral
冶金矿产原料metallurgical mineral raw materials
矿床mineral deposit
特殊采矿specialized mining
海洋采矿oceanic mining, marine mining
矿田mine field
矿山mine
露天矿山surface mine
地下矿山underground mine
矿井shaft
矿床勘探mineral deposit exploration
矿山可行性研究mine feasibility study
矿山规模mine capacity
矿山生产能力mine production capacity
矿山年产量annual mine output
矿山服务年限mine life
矿山基本建设mine construction
矿山建设期限mine construction period
矿山达产arrival at mine full capacity
开采强度mining intensity
矿石回收率ore recovery ratio
矿石损失率ore loss ratio
工业矿石industrial ore
采出矿石extracted ore
矿体orebody
矿脉vein
海洋矿产资源oceanic mineral resources
矿石ore
矿石品位ore grade
岩石力学rock mechanics
岩体力学rock mass mechanics
3 选矿
选矿厂concentrator, mineral processing plant
工艺矿物学process mineralogy
开路open circuit
闭路closed circuit
流程flowsheet
方框流程block flowsheet
产率yield
回收率recovery
矿物mineral
粒度particle size
粗颗粒coarse particle
细颗粒fine particle
超微颗粒ultrafine particle
粗粒级coarse fraction
细粒级fine fraction
网目mesh
原矿run of mine, crude
精矿concentrate
粗精矿rough concentrate
混合精矿bulk concentrate
最终精矿final concentrate
尾矿tailings
粉碎comminution
破碎crushing
磨碎grinding
团聚agglomeration
筛分screening, sieving
分级classification
富集concentration
分选separation
手选hand sorting
重选gravity separation, gravity concentration
磁选magnetic separation
电选electrostatic separation
浮选flotation
化学选矿chemical mineral processing
自然铜native copper
铝土矿bauxite
冰晶石cryolite
磁铁矿magnetite
赤铁矿hematite
假象赤铁矿martite
钒钛磁铁矿vanadium titano-magnetite
铁燧石taconite
褐铁矿limonite
菱铁矿siderite
镜铁矿specularite
硬锰矿psilomelane
软锰矿pyrolusite
铬铁矿chromite
黄铁矿pyrite
钛铁矿ilmennite
金红石rutile
萤石fluorite
高岭石kaolinite
菱镁矿magnesite
重晶石barite
石墨graphite
石英quartz
方解石calcite
石灰石limestone
白云石dolomite
云母mica
石膏gypsum
硼砂borax
石棉asbestos
蛇纹石serpentine
阶段破碎stage crushing
粗碎primary crushing
中碎secondary crushing
细碎fine crushing
对辊破碎机roll crusher
粉磨机pulverizer
震动筛vibrating screen
筛网screen cloth
筛孔screen opening
筛上料oversize
筛下料undersize
粗磨coarse grinding
细磨fine grinding
球磨机ball mill
衬板liner
分级机classifier
自由沉降free setting
沉积sedimentation
石灰lime
松油pine oil
硫化钠sodium sulfide
硅酸钠(水玻璃)sodium silicate, water glass
过滤filtration
过滤机filter
给矿,给料feeding
给矿机feeder
在线分析仪on line analyzer
在线粒度分析仪on line size analyzer
超声粒度计ultrasonic particle sizer, supersonic particle sizer
4 冶金过程物理化学
4.1 冶金过程热力学
冶金过程热力学thermodynamics of metallurgical processes
统计热力学statistical thermodynamics
不可逆过程热力学thermodynamics of irreversible processes
化学热力学chemical thernodynamics
表面热力学surface thermodynamics
合金热力学thermodynamics of alloys
冶金热力学数据库thermodynamics databank in metallurgy
系system
单元系single-componentsystem
多元系multicomponent system
均相系统homogeneous system
广度性质extensive property
强度性质intensive property
过程process
等温过程isothermal process
等压过程isobaric process
等容过程isochoric process
绝热过程adiabatic process
可逆过程reversible process
不可逆过程irreversible process
自发过程spontaneous process
自理过程physical process
化学过程chemical process
冶金过程metallurgical process
化学反应chemical reaction
化合反应combination reaction
分解反应decomposition reaction
置换反应displacement reaction
可逆反应reversible reaction
不可逆反应irreversible reaction
电化学反应electrochemical reaction
多相反应multiphase reaction
固态反应solid state reaction
气一金(属)反应gas-metal reaction
渣一金(属)反应slag-metal reaction
平衡equilibrium
化学平衡chemical equilibrium
相平衡phase equilibrium
热力学平衡thermodynamic equilibrium
亚稳平衡metastable equilibrium
热力学函数thermodynamic function
偏摩尔量partial molar quantity
总摩尔量integral molar quantity
标准态standard state
焓enthalpy
生成焓enthalpy of formation
反应焓enthalpy of reaction
熵entropy
吉布斯能Gibbs energy
生成吉布斯能Gibbs energy of formation
反应吉布斯能Gibbs energy of reaction
溶解吉布斯能Gibbs energy of solution
吉布斯能函数Gibbs energy function
化学位chemical potential
热化学thermochemistry
热效应heat effect
热容heat capacity
熔化热heat of fusion
汽化热heat of vaporization
升华热heat of sublimation
相变热heat of phase transformation
放热反应exothermic reaction
吸热反应endothermic reaction
赫斯定律Hess’s law
相律phase rule
相图phase diagram
一元相图single-component phase diagram
二元相图binary-component phase diagram
三元相图ternary-component phase diagram
液相线liquidus
固相线solidus
共晶点eutectic point
杠杆规则lever rule
溶液solution
溶质solute
溶剂solvent
固溶体solid solution
溶液浓度concentration of solution
摩尔分数mole fraction
冶金熔体metallurgical melt
金属熔体metal melt
(炉)渣,熔渣slag
熔盐molten salt, fused salt
理想溶液ideal solution
真实溶液real solution
正规溶液regular solution
活度activity
活度系数activity coefficient
拉乌尔定律Raoult’s law
亨利定律Henry’s law
纯物质标准态pure substance standard
质量1%溶液标准(态)1 mass% solution standard
无限稀溶液参考态reference state of infinityly dilute solution
相互作用系数interaction coefficient
化学反应等温式chemical reaction isotherm
吉布斯~亥姆霍兹方程Gibbs-Helmholtz equation
质量作用定律law of mass action
平衡常数equilibrium constant
平衡值equilibrium value
直接还原direct reduction
间接还原indirect reduction
金属热还原metallothermic reduction
选择性氧化selective oxidation
渣碱度basicity of slag
光学破度optical basicity
酸性氧化物acid oxide
碱性氧化物basicoxide
两性氧化物amphoteric
泡沫渣foaming slag
熔渣的分子理论molecular theory of slag
熔渣的离子理论ionization theory of slag
脱氧平衡deoxidation equilibrium
脱氧常数deoxidation constant
熔渣脱硫desulfurization by slag
气态脱硫desulfurization in the gaseous state
硫分配比sulfur partition ratio
硫化物容量sulfide capacity
氧化脱磷dephosphorization under oxidizing atmosphere磷分配比
碳一氧平衡carbon-oxygen equilibrium
真空脱碳vacuum decarburization
去气degassing
去除非金属夹杂(物)elimination of nonmetallic inclusion
非金属夹杂(物)变形form modification of nonmetallic inclusion
脱硅desiliconization
脱锰demanganization
分配平衡distribution law
化学气相沉积chemical vapor deposition(CVD)
4.2 冶金过程动力学
微观动力学microkinetics
化学动力学chemical kinetics
反应途径reaction path
反应机理reaction mechanism
基元反应elementary reaction
平行反应parallel
链反应chain reaction
总反应overall reaction
反应速率reaction rate
反应速率常数reaction rate constant
反应级数reaction order
零级反应zero order reaction
一级反应first order reaction
二级反应second order reaction
n级反应nth order reaction
碰撞理论collision theory
活化能activation energy
表现活化能apparent activation energy
阿伦尼乌斯方程Arrhenius equation
半衰期half-life
宏观动力学macrokinetics
冶金过程动力学kinetics of metallurgical process
传输现象transport phenomena
传质mass transfer
传热heat transfer
动量传输momentum transfer
层流laminar flow
湍流turbulent flow
气泡gas bubble
鼓泡bubbling
射流jet
液滴liquid droplet
粘度viscosity
边界层boundary layer
流率flow rate
通量flux
扩散diffusion
菲克第一扩散定律Fick’s 1st law of diffusion
菲克第一扩散定律Fick’s 2nd law of diffusion
扩散系数diffusion coefficient
传质系数mass transfer coefficient
热传导heat conduction
热对流heat convection
自然对流natural convection
强制对流forced convection
热辐射heat radiation
导热率thermal conductivity
传热系数heat transfer coefficient
体内浓度bulk concentration
未反应核模型unreacted core model
扩散控制反应diffusion-controlled reaction
化学控制反应chenical-controlled reaction
混合控制反应mixed-controlled reaction
相似原理priciple of similarity
雷诺数Reynolds number
固定床fiexed bed
填充床packed bed
移动床moving bed
流态化床fluidized bed
混合时间mixing time
停留时间residence time, retention time
催化catalysis
催化剂catalyst
表面能surface energy
表面张力surface tension
界面能interfacial energy
界面张力interfacial tension
润湿wetting
表面活性物质surface-active substance
吸收absorption
吸附absorption
4.3 冶金电化学
冶金电化学metallurgical electrochemistry
熔盐电化学electrochemistry of fused salts
固态离子学solid state ionics
电解质溶液electrolyte solution
阳离子cation
阴离子anion
电导conductance
电导率conductivity
电阻resistance
电极electrode
阴极cathode
阳极anode
电镀electroplating
固体电解质solid electrolyte
稳定的氧化锆stablized zirconia
氧传感器oxygen sensor
硅传感器silicon sensor
定氧测头oxygen probe
定硅测头silicon probe
4.4 冶金物理化学研究方法
冶金物理化学研究方法research methods in metallurgical physical
chemistry
热电偶thermocouple
量热计calorimeter
热太平thermobalance
热分析thermal analysis
差热分析differential thermal analysis,DTA
热重法thermogravimetry
分子筛molecular sieve
5 钢铁冶金
5.1 炼焦
炼焦coking
高温炭化high temperature carbonization
塑性成焦机理plastic mechanism of coke formation
中间相成焦机理mesophase mechanism of coke formation
选煤coal preparation, coal washing
配煤coal blending
配煤试验coal blending test
炼焦煤coking coal
气煤gas coal
肥煤fat coal
瘦煤lean coal
焦炉coke oven
焦化室oven chamber
焦饼coke cake
结焦时间coking time
周转时间cycle time
装煤coal charging
捣固装煤stamp charging
推焦coke pushing
焦炭熄火coke quenching
干法熄焦dry quenching of coke
焦台coke wharf
装煤车larry car
推焦机pushing machine
拦焦机coke guide
熄焦车quenching car
焦炉焖炉banking for coke oven
焦炭coke
冶金焦metallurgical coke
铸造焦foundry coke
焦炭工业分析proximate analysis of coke
焦炭元素分析ultimate analysis of coke
焦炭落下指数shatter index of coke
焦炭转鼓指数drum index of coke
焦炭热强度hot strength of coke
焦炭反应性coke reactivity
焦炭反应后强度post-reaction strength of coke
焦炭显微强度microstrength of coke
焦炉煤气coke oven gas
发热值calorific value
煤焦油coal tar
粗苯crude benzol
苯benzene
甲苯toluene
二甲苯xylene
苯并呋喃-茚树脂 coumarone-indene resin
精萘refined naphthalene
精蒽refined anthracene
煤[焦油]沥青 coal tar pitch
沥青焦pitch coke
针状焦needle coke
型焦formcoke
5.2 耐火材料
耐火材料refractory materials
耐火粘土fireclay
高岭土kaolin
硬质粘土flint clay
轻质粘土soft clay
陶土pot clay
蒙脱石montmorillonite
叶蜡石pyrophyllite
膨润土bentonite
鳞石英tridymite
方石英cristobalite
砂岩sandstone
耐火石firestone
莫来石mullite
氧化铝alumina
烧结氧化铝sintered alumina
电熔氧化铝fused alumina
刚玉corundum
红柱石andalusite
蓝晶石kyanite,cyanite
硅线石sillimanite
橄榄石olivine
方镁石periclase
镁砂magnesia
合成镁砂synthetic sintered magnesia
电熔镁砂fused magnesia
烧结白云石砂sintered dolomite clinker
合成镁铬砂synthetic magnesia chromite clinker
尖晶石spinel
镁铬尖晶石magnesia chrome spinel,magnesiochromite
硅藻土diatomaceous earth, infusorial earth
蛭石vermiculite
珍珠岩perlite
碳化硅silicon carbide
氮化硅silicon nitride
氮化硼boron nitride
粘土熟料chamotte
熟料grog
轻烧light burning,soft burning
死烧dead burning,hard burning
成型模注shaping moulding
机压成型mechanical pressing
等静压成型isostatic pressing
摩擦压砖机friction press
液压压砖机hydraulic press
捣打成型ramming process
熔铸成型fusion cast process
砖坯强度green strength,dry strength
隧道窑tunnel kiln
回转窑rotary kiln
倒焰窑down draught kiln
耐火砖refractory brick
标准型耐火砖standard size refractory brick
泡砂石quartzite sandstone
酸性耐火材料acid refractory [material]
硅质耐火材料siliceous refractory [material]
硅砖silica brick,dinas brick
熔融石英制品fused quartz product
硅酸铝质耐火材料aluminosillicate refractory
半硅砖semisilica brick
粘土砖fireclay brick,chamotte brick
石墨粘土砖graphite clay brick
高铝砖high alumina brick
硅线石砖sillimanite brick
莫来石砖mullite brick
刚玉砖corundum brick
铝铬砖alumina chrome brick
熔铸砖fused cast brick
碱性耐火材料basic refractory [material]
镁质耐火材料magnesia refractory [material]
镁砖magnesia brick
镁铝砖magnesia alumina brick
镁铬砖magnesia chrome brick
镁炭砖magnesia carbon brick
中性耐火材料neutral refractory [material]
复合砖composite brick
铝炭砖alumina carbon brick
铝镁炭转alumina magnesia brick
锆炭砖zirconia graphite brick
镁钙炭砖magnesia clacia carbon brick
长水口long nozzle
浸入式水口immersion nozzle,submerged nozzle
定径水口metering nozzle
氧化铝-碳化硅-炭砖 Al2O3-SiC-C brick
透气砖gas permeable brick,porous brick
滑动水口slide gate nozzle
水口砖nozzle brick
塞头砖stopper
绝热耐火材料insulating refractory
轻质耐火材料light weight refractory
袖砖sleeve brick
格子砖checker brick,chequer brick
陶瓷纤维ceramic fiber
耐火纤维refractory fiber
耐火浇注料refractory castable
耐火混凝土refractory concrete
荷重耐火性refractoriness under load
抗渣性slagging resistance
耐磨损性abrasion resistance
5.3 碳素材料
[含]碳[元]素材料 carbon materials
无定形碳amorphous carbon
金刚石diamond
炭相[学]carbon micrography
炭黑carbon black
石油沥青petroleum pitch
石油焦炭petroleum coke
石墨化graphitization
石墨化电阻炉electric resistance furnace for graphitization
石墨纯净化处理purification treatment of graphite
炭砖carbon brick
炭块carbon block
碳化硅基炭块SiC-based carbon block
炭电极carbon electrode
连续自焙电极Soderberg electrode
石墨电极graphite electrode
超高功率石墨电极ultra-high power graphite electrode
石墨电极接头graphite electrode nipple
石墨电极接头孔graphite electrode socket plug
电极糊electrode paste
石墨坩埚graphite crucible
石墨电阻棒graphite rod resistor
炭刷carbon brush
高纯石墨high purity graphite
5.4 铁合金
铁合金ferroalloy
硅铁ferrosilicon
硅钙calcium silicon
金属硅silicon metal
锰铁ferromangnanese
低碳锰铁low carbon ferromanganese
硅锰silicomanganese
金属锰manganese metal
铬铁ferrochromium
低碳铬铁low carbon ferrochromium
微碳铬铁extra low carbon ferrochromium
硅铬silicochromium
金属铬chromium metal
钨铁ferrotunsten
钼铁ferromolybdenum
钛铁ferrotitanium
硼铁ferroboron
铌铁ferroniobium
磷铁ferrophosphorus
镍铁ferronickel
锆铁ferrozirconium
硅锆silicozirconium
稀土硅铁rare earth ferrosilicon
稀土镁硅铁rare earth ferrosilicomagnesium
成核剂nucleater
孕育剂incubater,inoculant
球化剂nodulizer
蠕化剂vermiculizer
中间铁合金master alloy
复合铁合金complex ferroalloy
电碳热法electro-carbothermic process
电硅热法electro-silicothermic process
铝热法aluminothermic process,thermit process
电铝热法electro-aluminothermic process
开弧炉open arc furnace
埋弧炉submerged arc furnace
半封闭炉semiclosed furnace
封闭炉closed furnace
矮烟罩电炉electric furnace with low hood
矮炉身电炉low-shaft electric furnace
5.5 烧结与球团
人造块矿ore agglomerates
烧结矿sinter
压块矿briquette
球团[矿] pellet
针铁矿goethite
自熔性铁矿self-fluxed iron ore
复合铁矿complex iron ore
块矿lump ore
粉矿ore fines
矿石混匀ore blending
配矿ore proportioning
矿石整粒ore size grading
返矿return fines
储矿场ore stockyard
矿石堆料机ore stocker
匀矿取料机ore reclaimer
熔剂flux
消石灰slaked lime
活性石灰quickened lime
有机粘结剂organic binder
烧结混合料sinter mixture
烧结铺底料hearth layer for sinter
烧结sintering
烧结热前沿heat front in sintering
烧结火焰前沿flame front in sintering
渣相粘结slag bonding
扩散粘结diffusion bonding
带式烧结机Dwight-Lloyd sintering machine
环式烧结机circular travelling sintering machine
烧结梭式布料机shuttle conveyer belt
烧结点火料sintering ignition furnace
烧结盘sintering pan
烧结锅sintering pot
烧结冷却机sinter cooler
带式冷却机straight-line cooler
环式冷却机circular cooler,annular cooler
生球green pellet,ball
生球长大聚合机理ball growth by coalescence
生球长大成层机理ball growth by layering
生球长大同化机理ball growth by assimilation
精矿成球指数balling index for iron ore concentrates
生球转鼓强度drum strength of green pellet
生球落下强度shatter strength of green pellet
生球抗压强度compression strength of green pellet
生球爆裂温度cracking temperature of green pellet
圆筒造球机balling drum
圆盘造球机balling disc
竖炉陪烧球团shaft furnace for pellet firing
带式机陪烧球团traveling grate for pellet firing
链算机-回转窑陪烧球团grate-kiln for pellet firing
环式机陪烧球团circular gates for pellet firing
冷固结球团cold bound pellet
维式体wustite
铁橄榄石fayalite
铁尖晶石hercynite
铁黄长石ferrogehlenite
铁酸半钙calcium diferrite
铁酸钙calcium ferrite
铁酸二钙dicalcium ferrite
锰铁橄榄石knebelite
钙铁橄榄石kirschsteinite
钙铁辉石hedenbergite
钙铁榴石andradite
钙长石anorthite
钙镁橄榄石monticellite
钙钛矿perovskite
硅灰石wollastonite
硅酸二钙dicalcium silicate
硅酸三钙tricalcium silicate
镁橄榄石forsterite
镁黄长石akermanite
镁蔷薇辉石manganolite
钙铝黄长石gehlenite
钛辉石titanaugite
枪晶石cuspidine
预还原球团pre-reduced pellet
金属化球团metallized pellet
转鼓试验drum test,tumbler test
落下试验shatter test
5.6 高炉炼铁
炼铁iron making
高炉炼铁[法] blast furnace process
高炉blast furnace
鼓风炉blast furnace
炉料charge, burden
矿料ore charge
焦料coke charge
炉料提升charge hoisting
小车上料charge hoisting by skip
吊罐上料charge hoisting by bucket
皮带上料charge hoisting by belt conveyer
装料charging
装料顺序charging sequence
储料漏斗hopper
双料钟式装料two-bells system charging
无料钟装料bell-less charging
布料器distributor
炉内料线stock line in the furnace
探料尺gauge rod
利用系数utilization coefficient
冶炼强度combustion intensity
鼓风blast
风压blast pressure
风温blast temperature
鼓风量blast volume
鼓风湿度blast humidity
全风量操作full blast
慢风under blowing
休风delay
喷吹燃料fuel injection
喷煤coal injection
喷油oil injection
富氧鼓风oxygen enriched blast,oxygen enrichment
置换比replacement ratio
喷射器injector
热补偿thermal compensation
焦比coke ratio,coke rate
燃料比fuel ratio,fuel rate
氧化带oxidizing zone
风口循环区raceway
蒸汽鼓风humidified blast
混合喷吹mixed injection
脱湿鼓风dehumidified blast
炉内压差pressure drop in furnace
煤气分布gas distribution
煤气利用率gas utilization rate
炉况furnace condition
顺行smooth running
焦炭负荷coke load,ore to coke ratio
软熔带cohesive zone,softening zone
渣比slag to iron ratio,slag ratio
上部[炉料]调节burden conditioning
下部[鼓风]调节blast conditioning
高炉作业率operation rate of blast furnace
休风率delay ratio
高炉寿命blast furnace campaign
悬料hanging
崩料slip
沟流channeling
结瘤scaffolding
炉缸冻结hearth freeze-up
开炉blow on
停炉blow off
积铁salamander
炉型profile,furnace lines
炉喉throat
炉身shaft,stack
炉腰belly
炉腹bosh
炉缸hearth
炉底 bottom
炉腹角bosh angle
炉身角stack angle
有效容积effective volume
工作容积working bolume
铁口iron notch, slag notch
渣口cinder notch, slag notch
风口tuyere
窥视孔peep hole
风口水套tuyere cooler
渣口水套slag notch cooler
风口弯头tuyere stock
热风围管bustle pipe
堵渣机stopper
泥炮mud gun,clay gun
开铁口机iron notch drill
铁水hot metal
铁[水]罐iron ladle
鱼雷车torpedo car
主铁沟sow
出铁沟casting house
铁沟iron runner
渣沟slag runner
渣罐cinder ladle, slag ladle
撇渣器skimmer
冷却水箱cooling plate
冷却壁cooling stave
汽化冷却vaporization cooling
热风炉hot blast stove
燃烧室combustion chamber
燃烧器burner
热风阀hot blast valve
烟道阀chimney valve
冷风阀cold blast valve
助燃风机burner blower
切断阀burner shut-off valve
旁通阀by-pass valve
混风阀mixer selector valve
送风期on blast of stove,on blast
燃烧期on gas of stove, on gas
换炉stove changing
放散阀blow off valve
内燃式热风炉Cowper stove
外燃式燃烧炉outside combustion stove
顶燃式热风炉top combustion stove
炉顶放散阀bleeding valve
放散管bleeder
上升管gas uptake
放风阀snorting valve
均压阀equalizing valve
高压调节阀septum valve
炉顶高压elevated top pressure
铸铁机pig-casting machine
铸铁模pig mold
冲天炉cupola
水渣granulating slag
水渣池granulating pit
渣场slag disposal pit
高炉煤气top gas,blast furnace gas
高炉煤气回收topgas recovery,TGR
非焦炭炼铁non-coke iron making
直接还原炼铁[法]direct reduction iron making
直接还原铁directly reduced iron,DRI
竖炉直接炼铁direct reduction in shaft furnace
流态化炼铁fluidized-bed iron making
转底炉炼铁rotary hearth iron making
米德雷克斯直接炼铁[法]Midrex process
HYL直接炼铁[法] HYL process
克虏伯回转窑炼铁[法] Krupp rotary kiln iron-making
熔态还原smelting reduction
铁溶法iron-bath process
科雷克斯法COREX process
生铁pig iron
海绵铁sponge iron
镜铁spiegel iron
清铁法H-rion process
5.7 炼钢
钢steel
炼钢steelmaking
钢水liquid steel,molten steel
钢semisteel
沸腾钢rimming steel,rimmed steel
镇静钢killed steel
半镇静钢semikilled steel
压盖沸腾钢capped steel
坩埚炼钢法crucible steelmaking
双联炼钢法duplex steelmaking process
连续炼钢法continuous steelmaking process
直接炼钢法direct steelmaking process
混铁炉hot metal machine
装料机charging machine
装料期charging machine
加热期heating period
熔化期melting period
造渣期slag forming period
精炼期refining period
熔清melting down
脱氧deoxidation
预脱氧preliminary dexidation
还原渣reducing slag
酸性渣acid slag
碱性渣basic slag
脱碳decarburization
增碳recarburization
脱磷dephosphorization
回磷rephosphorization
脱硫desulfurization
回硫resulfurization
脱氮denitrogenation
过氧化overoxidation
出钢tapping
冶炼时间duration of heat
出钢样tapping sample
浇铸样casting sample
不合格炉次off heat
熔炼损耗melting loss
铁损iron loss
废钢scrap
废钢打包baling of scrap
造渣材料slag making materials
添加剂addition reagent
脱氧剂deoxidizer
脱硫剂desulfurizer
冷却剂coolant
回炉渣return slag
喷枪lance
浸入式喷枪submerged lance
钢包ladle
出钢口top hole
出钢槽pouring lining
炉顶furnace roof
炉衬furnace lining
炉衬侵蚀lining erosion
渣线slag line
炉衬寿命lining life
分区砌砖zoned lining
补炉fettling
热修hot repair
喷补gunning
火焰喷补flame gunning
转炉converter
底吹转炉bottom-blown converter
酸性空气底吹转炉air bottom-blown acid converter
碱性空气底吹转炉air bottom-blown basic converter
侧吹转炉side-blown converter
卡尔多转炉Kaldo converter
氧气炼铁oxygen steelmaking
氧气顶吹转炉top-blown oxygen converter,LI converter
氧气底吹转炉bottom-blown oxygen converter quiet basic oxygen
furnace,QBOF
顶底复吹转炉top and bottom combined blown converter
喷石灰粉顶吹氧气转炉法oxygen lime process
底吹煤氧的复合吹炼法Klockner-Maxhutte steelmaking process,KMS
住友复合吹炼法Sumitomo top and bottom blowing process,STB
LBE复吹法lance bubbling equilibrium process,LBE
顶枪喷煤粉炼钢法Arved lance carbon injection process,ALCI
蒂森复合吹炼法Thyssen Blassen Metallurgical process,TBM
面吹surface blow
软吹soft blow
硬吹hard blow
补吹reblow
过吹overblow
后吹after blow
目标碳aim carbon
终点碳end point carbon
高拉碳操作catch carbon practice
增碳操作recarburization practice
单渣操作single-slag operation
双渣操作double-slag operation
渣乳化slag emulsion
二次燃烧postcombustion
吹氧时间oxygen blow duration
吹炼终点blow end point
倒炉turning down
喷渣slopping
喷溅spitting
静态控制static control
动态控制dynamic control
氧枪oxygen lance
氧枪喷孔nozzle of oxygen lance
多孔喷枪multi-nozzle lance
转炉炉体converter body
炉帽upper cone
炉口mouth,lip ring
装料大面impact pad
活动炉底removable bottom
顶吹氧枪top blow oxygen lance
副枪sublance
多孔砖nozzle brick
单环缝喷嘴single annular tuyere
双环缝喷嘴double annular tuyere
挡渣器slag stopper
挡渣塞floating plug
电磁测渣器electromagnetic slag detector
废气控制系统off gas control system,OGCS
平炉open-hearth furnace
平炉炼钢open-hearth steelmaking
冷装法cold charge practice
热装法hot charge practice
碳沸腾carbon boil
石灰沸腾lime boil
炉底沸腾bottom boil
再沸腾reboil
有效炉底面积effective hearth area
酸性平炉acid open-hearth furnace
碱性平炉basic open-hearth furnace
固定式平炉stationary open-hearth furnace
倾动式平炉tilting open-hearth furnace
双床平炉twin-hearth furnace
顶吹氧气平炉open-hearth furnace with roof oxygen lance
蓄热室regenerator
沉渣室slag pocket
电炉炼钢electric steelmaking
电弧炉electric arc furnace
超高功率电弧炉ultra-high power electric arc furnace
直流电弧炉direct current electric arc furnace
双电极直流电弧炉double electrode direct current arc furnace
竖窑式电弧炉shaft arc furnace
电阻炉electric resistance furnace
工频感应炉line frequency induction furnace
中频感应炉medium frequency induction furnace
高频感应炉high frequency induction furnace
电渣重熔electroslag remelting,ESR
电渣熔铸electroslag casting,ESC
电渣浇注Bohler electroslag tapping,BEST
真空电弧炉重熔vacuum arc remelting,VAR
真空感应炉熔炼vacuum induction melting,VIM
电子束炉重熔electron beam remelting,EBR
等离子炉重炼plasma-arc remelting,PAR
水冷模电弧熔炼cold-mold arc melting
等离子感应炉熔炼plasma induction melting,PIM
等离子连续铸锭plasma progressive casting,PPC
等离子凝壳铸造plasma skull casting,PSC
能量优化炼钢炉energy optimizing furnace,EOF
氧燃喷嘴oxygen-fuel burner
氧煤助熔accelerated melting by coal-oxygen burner
氧化期oxidation period
还原期reduction period
长弧泡沫渣操作弧长控制 long arc foaming slag operation
白渣white slag
电石渣carbide slag
煤氧喷吹coal-oxygen injection
炉壁热点hot spots on the furnace wall
偏弧arc bias
透气塞porous plug
出钢到出钢时间tap-to-tap time
虹吸出钢siphon tapping
偏心炉底出钢eccentric bottom tapping,EBT
中心炉底出钢centric bottom tapping,CBT
侧面炉底出钢side bottom tapping,SBT
滑动水口出钢slide fate tapping
5.8 精炼、浇铸及缺陷
铁水预处理hot metal pretreatment
机械搅拌铁水脱硫法KR process torpedo desulfurization
鱼雷车铁水脱磷torpedo dephosphorization
二次精炼secondary refining
钢包精炼ladle refining
合成渣synthetic slag
微合金化microalloying
成分微调trimming
钢洁净度steel cleanness
钢包炉ladle furnace,LF
直流钢包炉DC ladle furnace
真空钢包炉LF-vacuum
真空脱气vacuum degassing
真空电弧脱气vacuum arc degassing,VAD
真空脱气炉vacuum degassing furnace,VDF
真空精炼vacuum refining
钢流脱气stream degassing
提升式真空脱气法 Dortmund Horder vacuum degassing process,DH
循环式真空脱气法 Ruhstahl-Hausen vacuum degassing process,RH
真空浇铸vacuum casting
吹氧RH操作RH-oxygen blowing,RH-OB
川崎顶吹氧RH操作 RH-Kawasaki top blowing,RH-KTB
喷粉RH操作RH-poowder blowing,TH-PB
喷粉法powder injection process
喷粉精炼injection refining
蒂森钢包喷粉法Thyssen Niederhein process,TN
瑞典喷粉法Scandinavian Lancer process,SL
君津真空喷粉法vacuum Kimitsu injection process
密封吹氩合金成分调整法composition adjustment by sealed argon
bubbling,CAS
吹氧提温CAS法CAS-OB process
脉冲搅拌法pulsating mixing process,PM
电弧加热电磁搅拌钢包精炼法ASEA-SKF process
真空吹氧脱碳法vacuum oxygen decarburization process ,VOD
氩氧脱碳法argon-oxygen decarburization process,AOD
蒸汽氧精炼法Creusot-Loire Uddelholm process,CLU
无渣精炼slag free refining
摇包法shaking ladle process
铝弹脱氧法aluminium bullet shooting,ABS
钢锭ingot
铸锭ingot casting
坑铸pit casting
车铸car casting
钢锭模ingot mold
保温帽hot top
下铸bottom casting
上铸top casting
补浇back pour,back feeding
浇注速度pouring speed
脱模ingot stripping
发热渣exoslag
防再氧化操作reoxidation protection
连续浇注continuous casting
连铸机continuous caster,CC,continuous casting machine,CCM
弧形连铸机bow-type continuous caster
立弯式连铸机vertical-bending caster
立式连铸机vertical caster
水平连铸机horizontal caster
小方坯连铸机billet caster
大方坯连铸机bloom caster
板坯连铸机slab caster
薄板坯连铸机thin-slab casting
薄带连铸机strip caster
近终型浇铸near-net-shape casting
单辊式连铸机single-roll caster
单带式连铸机single-belt caster
双带式连铸机twin-belt caster
倾斜带式连铸机inclined conveyer type caster
[连铸]流strand
铸流间距strand distance
注流对中控制stream centering control
钢包回转台ladle turret
中间包tundish
回转式中间包swiveling tundish
倾动式中间包tiltable tundish
中间包挡墙weir and dam in tundish
引锭杆dummy bar
刚性引锭杆rigid dummy bar
挠性引锭杆flexible dummy bar
结晶器mold
直型结晶器straight mold
弧形结晶器curved mold
组合式结晶器composite mold
多级结晶器multi-stage mold
调宽结晶器adjustable mold
结晶器振动mold oscillation
结晶器内钢液顶面meniscus,steel level
钢液面控制技术steel level control technique
保护渣casting powder,mold powder
凝壳shell
液芯liquid core
空气隙air gap
一次冷却区peimary cooling zone
二次冷却区secondary cooling zone
极限冷却速度critical cooling rate
浇铸半径casting radius
渗漏bleeding
拉坯速度casting speed
拉漏breaking out
振动波纹oscillation mark
水口堵塞nozzle clogging
气水喷雾冷却air mist spray cooling
分离环separating ring
拉辊withdrawal roll
立式导辊vertical guide roll
弯曲辊bending roll
夹辊pinch roll
矫直辊straightening roll
驱动辊driving roll
导向辊装置roller apron
切割定尺装置cut-to-length device
钢流保护浇注shielded casting practice
多点矫直multipoint straightening
电磁搅拌electromagnetic stirring,EMS
浇注周期casting cycle
多炉连浇sequence casting
事故溢流槽emergercy launder
菜花头cauliflower top
钢锭缩头piped top
表面缺陷surface defect
内部缺陷internal defect
缩孔shrinkage cavity
中心缩孔center line shrinkage
气孔blowhole
表面气孔surface blowhole
皮下气孔subskin blowhole
针孔pinhole
铸疤feather
冷隔cold shut
炼钢缺陷lamination
发裂flake,hair crack
纵裂longitudinal crack
横裂transverse crack
角部横向裂纹transverse corner crack
角部纵向裂纹longitudinal corner crack
收缩裂纹shrinkage crack
热裂hot crack
冷裂cold crack
冷脆cold shortness
热脆hot shortness
夹渣slag inclusion
皮下夹杂subsurface inclusion
正偏析positive segregation
负偏析negative segregation,inverse seregation
V形偏析∨-shaped segregation
倒V形偏析∧-shaped segregation
中心偏析center segregation
中心疏松center porosity
鼓肚bulging
脱方rhomboidity
连铸-直接轧制continuous casting-direct rolling
工艺CC-DR
6 钢铁材料
铸铁cast iron
熟铁wrought iron
电解铁electrolytic iron
白口铸铁white cast iron
灰口铸铁grey cast iron
麻口铸铁mottled cast iron
变性铸铁modified cast iron
孕育铸铁inoculated cast iron
冷硬铸铁chilled cast iron
球墨铸铁nodular cast iron
蠕墨铸铁vermicular cast iron
可锻铸铁malleable cast iron
半可锻铸铁semi-malleable cast iron
奥氏体铸铁austenitic cast iron
贝氏体铸铁bainitic cast iron
共晶白口铁eutectic white iron
亚共晶白口铁hypoeutectic white iron
过共晶白口铁hypereutectic white iron
结构钢constructional steel
软钢mild steel
普通碳素钢plain carbon steel
正火钢normalized steel
热轧钢hot rolled steel
高强度低合金钢high-strength low-alloy steel
微合金钢micro-alloy steel
冷轧钢cold rolled steel
深冲钢deep drawing steel
双相钢dual phase steel
渗碳钢carburizing steel
渗氮钢nitriding steel
调质钢quenched and tempered steel
超高强度钢ultra-high strength steel
不锈钢stainless steel
奥氏体不锈钢austenitic stainless steel
铁素体不锈钢ferritic stainless steel
马氏体不锈钢martensitic stainless steel
双相不锈钢duplex stainless steel
马氏体时效钢maraging steel
耐蚀钢corrosion-resisting steel
耐热钢heat-resisting steel
弹簧钢spring steel
易切削钢free-machining steel
耐磨钢abrasion-resistant steel
工具钢tool steel
高速钢high-speed steel
冷作模具钢cold-work die steel
热作模具钢hot-work die steel
钢筋钢reinforced bar steel
钢轨钢rail steel
轮箍钢type steel
管线钢pipe line steel
锅炉钢boiler steel
电工钢electrical steel

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